When most people think about the construction of an apartment, they imagine a crew of workers coming in to erect a building in a matter of days or weeks. In reality, the process is much more complicated and can take many months or even years to complete.
Of course, unforeseen delays can push back the timeline, but that’s just part of the construction process! There are several phases that go into constructing an apartment, and each one is important in its way.
In this article, we will go through different phases of the construction of an apartment and the challenges faced during each phase. So let’s dive in!
1. Site Preparation Phase
The first phase of construction is the site preparation phase. This is when the land is cleared and leveled, and the foundation is dug. The crew also installs any utilities that will be needed for the construction process. This phase can take several weeks to complete, depending on the size of the project.
The Site Preparation phase is a crucial part of the construction process, and it’s important to make sure that everything is done correctly.
Challenges During the Site Preparation Phase
There are a few challenges that can arise during the site preparation phase.
- Finding a suitable location for construction is a big challenge. The land must be large enough to accommodate the project, and it must have all the necessary utilities in place.
- Another challenge is dealing with bad weather. If it rains or snows, the crew may not be able to work, which can delay the project.
- You should be assured that the foundation is level and stable. If there are any problems with the foundation, it can cause delays and add to the cost of the project.
2. Foundation Phase
Once the site is prepared, the foundation can be built. This is a critical phase of construction, as the foundation needs to be strong enough to support the weight of the entire apartment complex. The crew pours concrete into forms to create the foundation walls and floor.
Once the concrete has cured, they install any plumbing or electrical lines that are needed. The foundation phase can take several weeks to complete, depending on the size and complexity of the project.
Challenges During Foundation Phase
- One challenge that can occur during the foundation phase is if the ground is not level. If the ground is sloped, the crew will need to level it out before they can start pouring the concrete.
- Suppose there are underground utilities that need to be relocated. This can happen if the construction site is in an urban area where there are a lot of existing infrastructure lines. The utility company will need to be contacted, and arrangements made to move the lines before construction can begin.
- All the necessary permits are in place before construction. The construction crew will need a permit to work on the foundation, and they may also need other permits to install utilities. Permits can be difficult to obtain, and the process can be time-consuming.
3. Framing Phase
After the foundation is built, it’s time for the framing phase. This is when the crew starts to build the walls and ceiling of the apartment complex. They use lumber to create the frame, and then they put up sheathing to close off the spaces between the studs. The framing phase also includes installing doors and windows.
Challenges During the Framing or Construction Phase
- Make sure that the lumber is cut to the correct size. If the lumber is too long or too short, it can throw off the entire frame of the apartment complex.
- Another challenge is making sure that the windows and doors are installed properly. If they’re not level, it can cause problems later on down the road.
- The apartment complex should be weatherproof. This means sealing off any cracks or gaps that could let in water or air.
4. Exterior Finishing Phase
After the framing is complete, it’s time for the exterior finishing phase. This is when the crew works outside of the apartment complex. This includes adding siding, roofing, and any other features that will make the exterior look complete. They put up siding, trim, and gutters. They also install any outdoor features like balconies or patios.
The exterior finishing phase can be challenging, but it’s important to get it right. The crew needs to pay attention to detail and make sure that everything is installed correctly.
Challenges During Exterior Finishing Phase
- One challenge during the exterior finishing phase is making sure that the siding is installed correctly. If it’s not level or straight, it can affect the overall look of the apartment complex.
- Installation of gutters and downspouts is another challenge. They need to be installed correctly, so they don’t leak or fall off.
- Patios and balconies must be properly constructed to be safe and up to code.
5. Interior Finishing Phase
After the exterior is complete, it’s time for the interior finishing phase. This is when the crew works on the inside of the apartment complex. They install drywall, floors, cabinets, and countertops. They also paint and do any other work that needs to be done to make the inside of the complex look complete.
Challenges During Interior Finishing Phase
- Make sure that the drywall is hung correctly. If it’s not level or straight, it can affect the overall look of the apartment complex.
- All of the floorings are installed correctly. If there are any gaps or uneven areas, it can be a trip hazard.
- The cabinets and countertops are installed correctly. If they’re not level or flush with the walls, it can create an unfinished look.
6. Occupancy Phase
The final phase of construction is the occupancy phase. This is when the apartment complex is officially opened, and people can start moving in. The first people to move in are usually the staff or management team. They’ll start setting up the office and getting everything ready for the tenants.
Once the staff is moved in, the tenants will start moving in. This is usually done in phases, with the people who signed leases first getting to move in. All of the paperwork has to be finalized, and inspections need to be done to make sure that the complex is safe and up to code.
Challenges During the Occupancy Phase
- All of the paperwork is in order. The leases need to be signed, and the move-in dates need to be confirmed.
- The complex should be safe and up to code. All of the units need to be inspected, and any repairs or renovations need to be completed before people can move in.
- The staff should be trained and prepared for the influx of tenants. They need to know how to handle complaints and maintenance requests.
When you’re ready to start your construction project, reach out to Valet Works. We’re a full-service Government licensed construction company that can handle any size or type of project. We have a team of experienced professionals who are dedicated to providing the best possible service. Contact us today to get started.
Frequently Asked Questions
What is the construction phase plan?
The construction phase plan is a document that outlines the work that needs to be done during each phase of construction. It includes about health and safety of the people in the construction project.
What are the three types of construction?
The construction sector comprises three segments: buildings, infrastructure, and industrial. The two primary types of building construction are residential and non-residential.
When should a construction phase plan be created?
A construction phase plan should be created at the start of the project before any work begins. It should be reviewed and updated throughout the project as needed.